These reeds have been hand made by Nick Winfield with the studnet in mind. They are hand processed in every way to ensure quality and consistency of the reed. All Winfield reeds are made using hand picked French cane, usually either Mme.Ghys or Alliaud. All reeds are wired. The Winfield cork Oboe staple is the first British manufactured, seamless, smooth bore, brass staple, incorporating the designers unique nonslip cane grip. The staples are the French size of 47mm. The staples are designed to compliment all of today's modern instruments.